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  • authXML
    AuthXML is a vendor-neutral standard that enables integration of Web security, network security, B2B infrastructures and applications. AuthXML is named as such because it comprises 2 primary components: Authentication and Authorization and is designed to ease integration of transactions between trading partner sites that may be using different security systems and within a given site that may be deploying multiple applications that need integrated security.

      External link Securant Technologies Web site

  • AxKit
    AxKit is an XML Application Server for Apache. It provides on-the-fly conversion from XML to any format, such as HTML, WAP or text using either W3C standard techniques, or flexible custom code. AxKit also uses a built-in Perl interpreter to provide some amazingly powerful techniques for XML transformation.

      External link AxKit Web site


  • B2B
    On the Internet, B2B (business-to-business), is the exchange of products, services, or information between businesses. B2B is e-commerce between businesses.

      External linkB2B Communication using XML over HTTP
      External linkB2B - the basics

  • Base64
    Base64 encoding, specified in External linkRFC 2045 - MIME (Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions) uses a 64-character subset (A-Za-z0-9+/) to represent binary data and = for padding. Base64 processes data as 24-bit groups, mapping this data to four encoded characters. It is sometimes referred to as 3-to-4 encoding. Each 6 bits of the 24-bit group is used as an index into a mapping table (the base64 alphabet) to obtain a character for the encoded data. According to the MIME specification the encoded data has line lengths limited to 76 characters, but this line length restriction does not apply when transmitting binary data as part of XML document.

      XML & Binary Data

  • BizTalk
    BizTalk is an industry initiative started by Microsoft and supported by a wide range of organizations, from technology vendors like SAP and CommerceOne to technology users like Boeing and BP/Amoco. The full BizTalk initiative comprises two separate areas:

    The first is the open, platform and protocol independent BizTalk Framework. This framework is basically a set of recommendations on how to use XML in an open way, which makes it easier to exchange business documents. The BizTalk Framework is supported by the web site External link, where companies can find or submit XML schemas.

    The second part of the BizTalk initiative is the development of tools and servers to support the exchange of XML messages in a loosely coupled way. For instance, Microsoft is developing tools for building XML applications, including the Microsoft BizTalk Server that provides reliable message transfer. BizTalk Resources Page

  • BXXP
    BXXP stands for Blocks eXtensible eXchange Protocol, but pronounced as BEEP. BXXP is a generic application protocol framework for connection-oriented, asynchronous request/response interactions based Internet applications. In other words, BXXP is a general purpose framework for creating Internet application protocols that serve as an alternative to aging HTTP used for Web browsing. Think of BXXP as HTTP on steroids...BXXP won't replace HTTP for everything, but it can be used when new applications protocols are developed.

      Introduction to BXXP


  • C#
    C# (pronounced "C sharp") is a modern, object-oriented language that enables programmers to quickly build a wide range of applications for the new Microsoft .NET platform.

      External linkC# Language Specification
      External linkC# Introduction and Overview

  • CDF
    The CDF (Channel Definition Format) is a file format from Microsoft that lets you create a file that defines a Web "channel," which is a preselected Web site or group of related Web sites. The Channel Definition Format is an application of Extensible Markup Langugage (XML) that Microsoft is proposing as a standard way to describe a Web site channel.

      External link CDF 101: Creating a Simple Channel
      External link CDF Reference

  • CIP
    Commerce Interchange Pipeline (CIP) is an infrastructure used by Microsoft® Site Server Commerce Edition to exchange data between applications in XML over HTTP.

      External link Microsoft Site Server Commerce Edition Features and Benefits

  • CML
    CML, or Chemical Markup Language brings the power of XML to the management of chemical information.

      External link CML Web site

  • Commerce XML
    Commerce XML (cXML) is a standard for the online exchange of business transaction information in common formats. It defines the structure of purchase orders, order acknowledgements, and other core e-business documents. cXML is a document type definition (DTD) based on XML tags that defines fields for a specific type of document, like a purchase order. The XML structure enables an application program to easily extract data and deliver it to another application program.

    Online catalog company Ariba Technologies led the cXML effort, but more than 40 companies collaborated on cXML, including Hewlett-Packard and Microsoft. The organizations hoped a common standard would reduce the cost of doing business online. The first version of cXML (version 0.91) appeared in May 1999.

      External link Commerce XML Resources Web site

  • CSS
    Cascading Style Sheets, level 2 (CSS2) is a style sheet language that allows authors and users to attach style (e.g., fonts, spacing, and aural cues) to structured documents (e.g., HTML documents and XML applications). By separating the presentation style of documents from the content of documents, CSS2 simplifies Web authoring and site maintenance.

    CSS2 builds on CSS1 and, with very few exceptions, all valid CSS1 style sheets are valid CSS2 style sheets. CSS2 supports media-specific style sheets so that authors may tailor the presentation of their documents to visual browsers, aural devices, printers, braille devices, handheld devices, etc. This specification also supports content positioning, downloadable fonts, table layout, features for internationalization, automatic counters and numbering, and some properties related to user interface.

      External link W3C CSS Resources Page's CSS Resource Page


  • Data Island
    A format for putting XML-based data inside HTML pages (<XML> or <SCRIPT language="XML">). HTML is used as the primary document or display format, and XML is used to embed data within the document.

      External link XML Data Islands

    Discovery of Web Services ( DISCO) provides a way to discover and retrieve an SDL or SCL description of services on remote machines. Using the Discovery Document Format (which is also an XML grammar), one can send a discovery document to a remote server and, if any SOAP enabled services (AKA web service) exist, receive back an SDL or SCL description of the services provided.

      External link Read more about DISCO

  • DOM
    Document Object Model (DOM), a programming interface specification being developed by the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C), lets a programmer create and modify HTML pages and XML document as full-fledged program object. The Document Object Model offers two levels of interface implementation: DOM Core, which supports XML and is the base for the next level, and DOM HTML, which extends the model to HTML documents.

      External link DOM Specification
      External link Introduction to DOM
      External link A Beginner's Guide to the XML DOM

  • DSML
    Directory Service Markup Language, or DSML is a vocabulary and schema (a structured framework) for describing the structure and content of directory services information in an XML Document. Directory information can then be easily used by any application that makes use of XML, including browsers and e-commerce applications - enabling frictionless e-commerce.

      External link DSML Web site
      External link DSML is the glue for future directories

    Document Style Semantics and Specification Language (DSSSL ) is a standard for the processing of Standard Generalized Markup Language documents. DSSSL describes how such a structured document might be presented visually, or converted to something else, or processed in some other way. SGML is a document structure language; DSSSL is a document processing language, especially for presentation or transformation. DSSL contains separate parts and you can choose which parts of the standard to use when creating a DSSSL definition. It contains standards for a style language, Flow objects, a transformation language, a document model, and a query language.

      External link Introduction to DSSSL
      External link Jade - James' DSSSL Engine

  • DTD
    The Document Type Definition (DTD) defines the valid syntax of a class of XML documents. That is, it lists a number of element names, which elements can appear in combination with other ones, what attributes are available for each element type, etc. A DTD uses a different syntax (namely Extended Backus Naur Form) from that used by XML documents.

      External link Enforcing Data Integrity with DTDs
      External link DTD FAQ

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